Parent Training and Information Centers

Primary Practice

In person/phone educational and advocacy training programs by peer family members


Parent Training and Information Centers (PTIs) serve as a resource for information and training to parents of children with disabilities. Families reach out to PTIs to gain information about their child disability, learn about what IDEA means for their child, and gain information about options, programs and services that are available to help the child and the family. Moreover, families learn how to communicate effectively with people who are working with their child, actively participate in decision making processes and learn valuable methods to advocate for themselves and for their child. Most of the services that are offered by PTIs are free. However, certain services might require a modest fee.

Target Population(s)

Parents of children and adolescents with disabilities or health issues, and professionals working with such families who need assistance with navigating the educational system.


PTIs are maintained through Centers for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) that are made possible through funding from the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) at the U.S. Department of Education. Almost every state has a PTI (but with different names).


The main objectives of PTIs are to provide training and information for caregivers in various topics such as their rights, responsibilities and protections under IDEA, so as to more effectively participate in decisions with/for their child regarding early intervention, educational and transitional services.

Evidence of Outcomes

Emerging Practice/Model
No formal research has been conducted on outcomes. However, positive outcomes are reported by centers. Each state is required to report yearly and must submit an annual performance report for their Parent Training and Information Centers that demonstrates how they met the above goals/objectives to OSEP.

Additional Information